Galvanization is the use for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes of a constant continuous electric current of low voltage (30-80 V) and small strength (up to 50 mA), called galvanic.
Galvanic current is able to overcome the resistance of the skin and spread mainly through the intercellular spaces, blood and lymphatic vessels, nerve sheaths and muscles.
The effect of galvanic current leads to an increase in blood and lymph circulation, an increase in the absorption capacity of tissues, muscle relaxation, an improvement in the excretory function of the skin and a decrease in edema in the focus of inflammation or the area of injury. The synthesis of energy molecules is enhanced in cells, and the metabolism in tissues is improved.
Galvanic current increases local immunity, accelerates the processes of regeneration of peripheral nerves, bone and connective tissue, wounds and trophic ulcers, and also enhances the secretory function of the salivary glands, stomach and intestines.
Electrophoresis is a physiotherapeutic method based on the combination of the action of a galvanic current and a therapeutic or cosmetic substance introduced with its help. How does this happen? An electric current can be compared to a wind that blows in one direction and carries small particles - it causes the movement of ions of biologically active liquids.
With the help of a galvanic current, various substances (drugs, cosmetic gels, etc.) can be injected through the skin. Due to the current, they penetrate the epidermis to a depth of 1.5 cm and accumulate in the upper layers of the dermis, forming a "depot" from which the drug penetrates into cells gradually. The period of elimination of various substances from the skin "depot" is from 3 to 15-20 hours, which causes a long stay of active substances in the body and a prolonged action.
Electrophoresis allows the introduction of biologically active fluids into areas with impaired blood circulation (for example, sore joints), where the penetration of substances is usually difficult. The combination of galvanization with electrophoresis is an incredibly effective technique not only for healing and restoring the functions of organs, but also for improving the quality of the skin, maintaining its youth and beauty.